Kansas Prep Basketball History Part 5               Update  April 1, 2012                  Kansas High School Basketball  History

 Part Five:  Kansas High School Association Tournament  1925-1940               * = Overtime    ! = Forfeit     by Patrick Macfee

CHAPTER ONE:  1925-1930          CHAPTER TWO: 1931-1935         CHAPTER THREE: 1936-1940 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1925 CLASS A State Tournament       March 27-28                                       Robinson Gym          Lawrence, KS

^ Includes record at National Tournament

                                                                                                                           Team                            Coach                      League

1st:  Wichita  21  Newton  16                                                                        1.  Wichita  (21-6) ^       Raymond Young     ARK VALLEY
3rd:  Emporia  35  Kansas City  16                                                               2.  Newton  (22-1)        Lindley/Stuart         ARK VALLEY
SF:   Newton  31  Kansas City  19                                                                3.  Emporia  (19-6)       William Rapp          INDEPENDENT
SF:   Wichita  21  Emporia  19                                                                      4.   Kansas City (18-7)  Jim Bradshaw         NEKL
QF:  Kansas City  35  KC-Argentine  12
QF:  Newton  42  Parsons  10
QF:  Emporia  39  Ellsworth  10                                                                     Officials:  Leslie Edmonds                
QF:  Wichita  41  Haven  17                                                                                            Louis Menze   
1R:  KC-Argentine  61  Independence  28         
1R:  Kansas City  30  Marion  18                                                                                                                                    
1R:  Newton  27  Clay Center  15                                              
1R:  Parsons  28  Lawrence  16                                                  
1R:  Emporia  30  Liberal  14                                                     
1R:  Ellsworth  26  Abilene  6
1R:  Wichita  31  Dodge City  21
1R:  Haven (x)  34  Norton  10

         Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA

(x) Haven was the CLASS B State Champion   Invited Teams: Wichita, Lawrence, Marion, Kansas City, Independence, Abilene, Liberal

ALL STATE TOURNEY - Selected by Officials and Press

1st Team:  John Hoover  NEWTON, Ed Skradski  KANSAS CITY, George Clow EMPORIA, Barry Dunham  WICHITA, Forrest Cox  NEWTON

2nd Team:  ______ Grove DODGE CITY, Tom Churchill  WICHITA, Ross McBurney WICHITA, Ed Ash KC-ARGENTINE, Gus Fish EMPORIA

1925 CLASS B State Tournament       March 20-21                                     King Gym - Kansas Wesleyan          Salina, KS

                                                                                                                           Team                            Coach                      League

1st:   Haven  25  Eudora  22                                                                           1. Haven (19-4)            A. B. Guthrie              RENO COUNTY
3rd:   Deerfield  20  Benton  18                                                                      2. Eudora (17-1)          R. B. Church               KAW VALLEY
SF:    Eudora  30  Benton  28                                                                          3.  Deerfield (?-?)       Barnes                         INDEPENDENT
SF:    Haven  29  Deerfield  26                                                                       4.  Benton (16-3)          ??                                WEST BUTLER COUNTY
QF:   Eudora  24  Bison  16
QF:   Benton  8  Asherville  2
QF:   Haven  26  Salina-Sacred Heart  8                                                         Officials:  Leslie Edmonds
QF:   Deerfield  13  Oskaloosa  10
1R:   Eudora  24  Axtell  16
1R:   Bison  22  Gridley  13
1R:   Benton  20  Americus  10
1R:   Asherville  19  McDonald  10
1R:   Haven  11  Denton  10
1R:   Salina-Sacred Heart  30  Sawyer  8
1R:   Deerfield  18  Burdette  17
1R:   Oskaloosa  16  Paxico  14
Preliminary:  Haven  30  Vilas  11
Preliminary:  Denton  23  Sharon Springs  8
Preliminary:  Sawyer  22  Long Island  10  

Salina Journal All-Tourney Teams

1st Team:  Elwin "Time" McGrew  BENTON, William Wolf  HAVEN, Russell Doyle  DEERFIELD, ______ Nickels, SALINA-SACRED HEART, L. Miller  EUDORA
2nd Team:  Cliff Briethaupt  EUDORA, Elvin McCoy  HAVEN, Ermal Westerhaus  EUDORA, _______ Kosenberg, BENTON, Robert Doyle  DEERFIELD

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) except for
                           Denton-Sharon Springs: Salina Evening Journal 3-21-1925

     The association introduced a  class structure for tournament competition in 1925. CLASS A was composed of schools with enrollment over 200 and CLASS B was made up of of all the other schools in the state. 1

    The Class A bracket was limited to sixteen teams. The eight sectional champions automatically qualified and the top two teams from the CLASS B State were eligible as well. The field was filled in as selected by the KSHAA from sectional runner-ups. 2 The change was an answer to the complaints from most schools to the grueling schedule of the open style tournament. The new CLASS B was a response to the wishes of the small schools that rarely had a chance to get past the first round.

     The 1925 Class A tourney was famous for upsets. An early shocker was the Kansas City walloping of KC-Argentine (35-12) in the quarter-finals. Argentine had defeated Kansas City three times during the season but had no answer for Ed Skradski - a future Kansas State star. 3 Then, Wichita claimed a minor upset when they defeated defending champion Emporia in the semi-final with a last second shot by Tom Churchill. Emporia had defeated Wichita during the regular season. 4

      Ray Young's Wichita crew was considered a contender for the championship, but only if undefeated Newton slipped along the way. Wichita's district loss to Newton in the finals gave some hope to the boys as they were able to hold a lead late in the game before eventually bowing to the Railroaders. Few expected Wichita to upset the team that had defeated them four times before this first Class A final. Wichita's win was without question the biggest upset, to that date,  in the history of the KSHSAA tournament. 5

    Wichita received an invitation to the national event in Chicago and Newton was expected to be invited as well due to their victories over Wichita in league and tournament play. But the invitation never came for Coach Lindley and his team stayed home due to the hot shooting of Captain Berry Dunham of the Blue & White. The Wichita team left immediately for Chicago at the conclusion of the state meet. 6

    It became clear after the first two rounds that Wichita would reach the finals of the Chicago tourney. They defeated Detroit-Southeast 39-24 and the experienced Yankton, SD team 37-15. The toughest game of the event for Wichita was the semi-final versus Westport of Kansas City, MO. They overcame a flat period during the 3rd quarter for a come from behind win 29-24. 7

    The final game drew 2,000 fans to the Wichita gym for a special play-by-play of the game. The Wichita Eagle relayed the action by telephone to the gym as results were reported to their office by special wire. The fans were overwhelmed as the result of Wichita's easy win over Reno, OK (27-6) was reported. The players matched the reaction of the fans as they celebrated a national championship at Bartlett Gym in Chicago. Few could believe that the team that could not win the Ark Valley League championship had been declared the best high school team in the country.  8

    The players were quiet on the return train trip to Kansas. "That's a mighty fine bunch of boys," said the (train's) porter. "Never had no loud stuff there. They just rode home like they was visiting their grandmothers." But when the train pulled into Emporia there was a loud reception from the Emporia basketball team that had gathered to greet and congratulate  the Wichita boys. The next stop in Newton brought out the school and half the town to greet the Kansas heroes. 9

   The reception for the boys at Union Station in Wichita was similar in size to the one given Kansas City in 1923. When the boys became visible, the crowd, estimated at 10,000, exploded with a roar that eliminated any attempt for a school cheer. Captain Dunham hugged the gold basketball championship trophy awarded the team and weaved his way through the mob and semi-collapsed in a waiting automobile. The other boys were removed from the station and the speech making was delayed until the following day when a parade was conducted down Douglas Avenue. 10

   Three players from this team had significant basketball careers after high school. McBurney and Dunham played for Wichita University and both were stars in AAU competition after college. 11 Tom Churchill played his senior season in Oklahoma City and was an All-Missouri Valley player at Oklahoma University in football and basketball. 12

   Haven captured the first ever Class B championship held in Salina. Coach Guthrie praised the physical condition of his players and stated that was the key to victory in Kansas Wesleyan's King Gymnasium. 13

   Salina Journal writer Stu Dunbar explained that the directors of the tournament were inclined to not name an all-star team. They wanted to emphasize team play over individual accomplishment. Individual awards were planned for every member of the 1st and 2nd place teams 14 Despite these wishes - the Salina Journal did publish an all-star team selected by various writers covering the event. 15

   Both Haven and Eudora were eligible for participation in the Class A tourney. Only Haven accepted the challenge. The 97 student school defeated Norton before elimination by the all-conquering Wichita boys. 16

  One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011)
2   Lawrence Daily Journal-World, March 26, 1925, 8
3   Ibid, March 28, 1925, 8
4   Ibid, 1
5   Ibid, March 30, 1925, 8
6.  Curtis Buller, 191-192 
7   Wichita Eagle, April 5, 1925, 15
8   Ibid
9   Ibid, April 7, 1925, 8
10 Ibid
11  http://hoopedia.nba.com/index.php?title=AAU_Men%27s_National_Champions_%281898-1968%29 
12    http://www.jimthorpeassoc.org/ok-sports-hof/hall-of-fame-members/churchill-tom/  
13  Haven Journal, March 26, 1925, 1
14  Stu Dunbar, "Sport Chaff", Salina Evening Journal, March 19, 1925
15  Salina Evening Journal, March 22, 1925, 3
16  Lawrence Daily Journal-World, March 28, 1925, 10     


1926 CLASS A State Tournament       March 19-20                                  Robinson Gym          Lawrence, KS

^ Includes record at National Tournament

                                                                                                                           Team                            Coach                      League

1st:  Newton  25  Augusta  17                                                                       1.  Newton (28-1)  ^     Lindley/Stuart           ARK VALLEY
3rd:  Emporia  32  Liberal  26                                                                       2.  Augusta (17-4)        Paul Gross                 INDEPENDENT
SF:   Newton  36  Liberal  13                                                                        3.  Emporia (19-5)        William Rapp             INDEPENDENT
SF:   Augusta  27  Emporia  16                                                                     4.  Liberal (23-4)          Eldon Shupe               ROCK ISLAND
QF:  Newton  29  Topeka  10
QF:  Liberal  37  Salina  22
QF:  Emporia  29  Olathe  22
QF:  Augusta  29  Abilene  21
1R:  Newton  43  Quinter  13
1R:  Topeka  38  Pratt  19
1R:  Salina  24  El Dorado  15
1R:  Liberal  33  Denton (x)  20
1R:  Olathe  22  Ellsworth  20
1R:  Emporia  42  Colby  19
1R:  Augusta  45  Phillipsburg  10
1R:  Abilene  27  Atchison  23                                                                           Officials:  Leslie Edmonds, Louis Menze

Sectional Tourney Winners: Pratt, Olathe, Salina, Newton, Abilene, Colby, Augusta (x) = Denton - Class B State Champ. 

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) except for
                           Newton-Topeka/Liberal-Salina: Lawrence Daily Journal-World, March 20, 1926
                           Emporia-Colby/Abilene-Atchison: University Daily Kansan, March 21, 1926

Tournament All-Kansas Team  Augusta Daily Gazette, March 22, 1

1st Team:  Ralph "Red" Forney NEWTON, Mahlon Bradford LIBERAL, Wilfred Okerberg NEWTON, George Clow AUGUSTA, Forrest Cox NEWTON

2nd Team:  Dick Morgan  NEWTON, Glenn Lietzke AUGUSTA, Reggie Roark OLATHE, Andrew Watson  AUGUSTA, Harold Reeble EMPORIA                                


1926 CLASS B State Tournament       March 12-13                                  Washburn University   Thomas Gymnasium          Topeka, KS

   ^ Includes loss in CLASS A                                                                           Team                            Coach                      League

1st:  Denton  17  Deerfield  14                                                                      1. Denton (30-1) ^         None                     INDEPENDENT
3rd:  Hartford  24  Perry 7                                                                             2. Deerfield (?-?)           Barnes                 INDEPENDENT
SF:   Deerfield  27  Perry  21                                                                         3. Hartford (17-3)          M.V. Holm           INDEPENDENT
SF:   Denton  28  Hartford  13                                                                       4.  Perry (16-4)              Bernard Pyles      JEFFERSON COUNTY
QF:  Deerfield  22  Arlington  14
QF:  Perry  20  Pawnee Rock  7                                                                   
OFFICIALS:  George Woodward, Arthur Lonborg
QF:  Denton  21  Oxford  11
QF:  Hartford  17  Eudora  8
1R:  Deerfield  26  Bancroft  16
1R:  Arlington  31  Bird City  8
1R:  Perry  36  Vilas  19
1R:  Pawnee Rock  26  Jewell City  14
1R:  Denton  18  Ulysses  14
1R:  Oxford  25  Haven  22
1R:  Hartford  34  Plainville  15
1R:  Eudora  36  Clyde  17
Preliminary:  Arlington  13  Williamsburg  12
Preliminary:  Perry  24  Emmett  16
Preliminary:  Pawnee Rock  24  Frontenac  9
Preliminary:  Denton  22  Jennings  7
Preliminary:  Oxford  34  Covert
Preliminary:  Eudora  19  Holyrood  18

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) except for
                           Perry-Vilas/Denton-Ulysses: Topeka Daily Capital , March 13, 1926, 8
                           Denton-Oxford: Topeka Daily Capital, 12B

Topeka State Journal Class B All-Team

1st Team:  Russell Doyle DEERFIELD, ________ Wiedman DENTON, Boatwright DENTON, Brown DENTON, Marshall Lewis PERRY

2nd Team:  Frank Coffman  HARTFORD, Lloyd Miller EUDORA, Vance Welter PERRY, R Bowman  PAWNEE ROCK, Witte ARLINGTON

             Class A competition was held at Kansas University's Robinson Gym for the last time in 1926. The suggestions that the tourney be moved to other venues around the state was adopted by the Association for the next few years. The obvious advantage for Kansas University in the recruiting of high school athletes had become a sore point with the other Kansas colleges.

              The Newton dynasty was reinforced when Coach Lindley's team won the Class A championship. They rolled through the best basketball league in the state without a loss. Their junior guard, Forrest "Frosty" Cox, was one of the finest high school guards in the country. He was known for his outside shooting, dribbling and defensive abilities. 1 Frank Lindley continued as the unofficial coach of the team - Birch Stuart was often referred to as the head coach in newspaper articles of the day - but over time Lindley has always been credited as head coach of these Newton teams.

              Augusta made their first appearance in the tourney a memorable one. George Clow *, a transfer from Emporia, was the team leader. 2 Coach Paul "Busch" Gross would later move on to a prominent career at Fort Hays State. 3 Augusta's highlight of the event came when they won their tough battle with Emporia in the semi-finals. Players admitted that game took a lot out of them and they were only able to play with Newton for a half before being out-classed. "We gave 'em all we had," an unnamed player stated, "and that wasn't enough." 4

             Liberal became the first team from the Southwest to have an impact at state. Coach Eldon Shupe duplicated the success he enjoyed with the football team. Local boosters gave the Coach and team use of several Buicks to make the long trek from Liberal to Wichita and then north to Lawrence. Their return trip to Liberal took several days due to the muddy dirt roads of that era. 5

            Fans from around the state  who could not make the trip began to check with those people who had radios that could pick-up re-creations of the games. These broadcasts reported the scores and sometimes the play-by-play as received by wire. The local paper in Augusta was flooded with phone calls from fans wanting the latest telegraph reports. 6

            Newton was finally on their way to the national tournament in Chicago. Their reputation was known around the country as the team who defeated the 1925 National champion four times. Coach Lindley was confident that this would be the year for another Kansas national champ. The early games - Zanesville, OH (26-15), Lexington, KY (56-19) and El Reno, OK (31-21) - made Newton the favorite to win it all. 7

           Reporters called Newton's next game the greatest of the meet and one of the best in tournament history. Dutch Clark of Pueblo, CO was the all-everything center and future NFL star that won the day with great dribbling and he was the key element of the defense that kept Newton off its game. Pueblo's defense limited the Newton boys to only one point in the first half. They played a mostly deliberate game on offense that consisted of long perimeter shots that gave them a 6-1 lead at half-time. The Newton players were rattled in the second half and missed free throw shots that would have tied the score. Pueblo hung on for a 13-11 victory. 8 Coach Lindley admitted years later that Newton should have come out of their zone in the first half and pressured the ball. 9

            Newton fans could hardly believe the results they received from the Newton newspaper office. They still maintained that their team was the best in the land and they honored the team upon their return as if they had won the 1st place trophy. Everyone turned out for a parade through the streets of the town. 10

            Topeka was awarded the Class B tournament that was played at Thomas Gym on the Washburn University campus. The excellent reputation of George Woodward and Arthur "Dutch" Lonborg as tournament directors was a factor in Topeka's selection. 11 City business interests were excited to have the tournament - but the loss of Eudora in an early round upset cut out one of the largest fan contingents and hurt the gate in Topeka. C.E. Hobbs of the Topeka State Journal complained that the Topeka basketball fans showed very little interest in the event. 12

              The great individual play of Weidman for Denton and Russell Doyle for Deerfield was the most memorable element of the final. Weidman won the day for Denton with his consistent shooting. Doyle struggled with torn ligaments suffered in the qualifying tournament held in Dodge City. He was still cited as the best player in the tournament by Topeka  writer Hobbs. 13

               Denton finished the tournament with a perfect 30-0 record. They were the team without a coach  and the boys accepted the invitation to the Class A tourney where they lost to Liberal in the opening round. 14 

* George Clow:  He played for three different high schools in tournament play. Emporia-Roosevelt (1923), Emporia (1924 & 1925) and Augusta (1926)

1   Curtis Buller, 196
2   Emporia High Echo, March 26, 1926, 1
3  Busch Gross   http://www.kshof.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=136%3Agross-paul&catid=2&Itemid=39 
4   Augusta Daily Gazette, March 22, 1926, 2  
5   Liberal News, March 25, 1926, 1
6   Augusta Daily Gazette, March 22, 1926, 2  
7   George Morgenstern, "University of Chicago Eighth Annual National Interscholastic Tournament", Spalding's Official Basketball Guide 1926-27, (American Sports Publishing:New York, 1926), 119-127  
8   Ibid
9   Curtis Buller, 23
10  Ibid, 206-207
11  C.E. Hobbs, "In the World of Sport", Topeka Daily State Journal, March 9, 1926
12  Topeka Daily State Journal, March 15, 6
13  Ibid
14  Topeka Daily Capital, March 18, 1926


1927 CLASS A State Tournament       March 18-19                                   Fort Hays State   Sheridan Coliseum          Hays, KS

 ^ Includes National Tourney                                                                                Team                            Coach                      League

1st:  Winfield  32  Lawrence  25                                                                       1.  Winfield (17-8) ^         Bill Martin             ARK VALLEY
3rd:  Arkansas City  31  El Dorado  27                                                            2.  Lawrence (12-10)        Severt Higgins       INDEPENDENT
SF:   Lawrence  30  El Dorado  23                                                                    3.  Arkansas City (19-5)   Ernst Uhrlaub       ARK VALLEY
SF:   Winfield  21  Arkansas City  13                                                               4.  El Dorado (22-4)          George Carlson    ARK VALLEY
QF:  Lawrence  30  Newton  20
QF:  El Dorado  32  McPherson  21
QF:  Winfield  56  Parsons  24
QF:  Arkansas City  37  Olathe  21
1R:  Newton  43  Topeka High  29
1R:  Lawrence  24  Dodge City  21
1R:  Parsons  39  Concordia  25
1R:  Winfield  53  Iola  17
1R:  Arkansas City  36  Pratt  21
1R:  Olathe  22  Abilene  17
1R:  El Dorado  32  Brewster  19
1R:  McPherson  30  Powhattan  14                                                                      Officials:  Dwight Ream, Leslie Edmonds

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) 

KSHSAA Officials All-State Tourney Teanm

1st Team: Milton Whitson WINFIELD, Ernest Schmidt WINFIELD, Morris Paul EL DORADO, Carl Graeber LAWRENCE, Herman Barnett ARKANSAS CITY

2nd Team: Ramsey EL DORADO, Dick Layne ARKANSAS CITY, Haywood Hackley  ARKANSAS CITY, Forrest Cox NEWTON, Dale Cochran WINFIELD


1927 CLASS B State Tournament       March 18-19                                Washburn University   Thomas Gymnasium          Topeka, KS

                                                                                                                         Team                            Coach                      League

1st:  Chautauqua  32  Williamsburg  13                                                      1.  Chautauqua (17-4)       Longhofer             CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY
SF:   Williamsburg  23  Hillsboro  21                                                          2.   Williamsburg (19-1)    E.A. Thomas         INDEPENDENT
SF:   Chautauqua  27  Ellis  18                                                                    3.   Hillsboro (15-8)           Balzer                   INDEPENDENT
QF:  Williamsburg  29  Menlo  17                                                              4.   Ellis  (13-5)                  ??                          INDEPENDENT
QF:   Hillsboro  22  Salina-Sacred Heart  10
QF:   Ellis  19  Frontenac  10
QF:   Chautauqua  22  Perry  21
1R:   Williamsburg  19  Chase  12
1R:   Menlo  26  Oakley  15
1R:   Salina-Sacred Heart  21  Garfield  18
1R:   Hillsboro  25  Haven  14
1R:   Frontenac  19  Andover  18
1R:   Ellis  14  Virgil  10
1R:   Chautauqua  24  Ebson  17
1R:   Perry  14  Whiting  7
Preliminary:  Chase  21  Leonardville  4
Preliminary:  Hillsboro  35  Blue Mound  13
Preliminary:  Andover  25  Haddam  18
Preliminary:   Whiting  14  Baldwin  11 *                                                   Officials:  George Woodward, Arthur Lonborg, Orson McLaughlin

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) except for
                            Frontenac-Andover/Chase-Leonardville: Topeka Daily Capital, 3-19-1927, 8
                            Chautauqua-Williamsburg: Topeka Daily Capital, March 20, 1927, 14B



TDC Honor Roll

Forwards - Dyck, Heibert HILLSBORO  Fuller ELLIS, Forney, Morrow WILLIAMSBURG  Ferguson BLUE MOUND Jackson ESBON Schlege PERRY        
Centers -Don Remmy CHAUTAUQUA Jennings ANDOVER Welter PERRY Clifford Binns WILLIAMSBURG 
Guards - Goodchuck, Price ELLIS Joe Dunn, Sweet, Sutherland CHAUTAUQUA Towes, Hedel HILLSBORO

     The association awarded the Class A tourney site to Kansas State Teachers College at Hays (now known as Fort Hays State) as part of a commitment to share the event with different sections of the state.  The games were played at the 2,000 seat Sheridan Coliseum. 1 The school paper reported that the crowds were the largest that ever attended a state tournament. 2

    The pre-tournament favorites were El Dorado and Newton, winner and runner-up of the Ark Valley League that continued as the best league in the state. McPherson and Olathe impressed the sports writers as dark horse candidates for the title. Few would have predicted that Lawrence and Winfield, both runner-ups in sectional tournaments, would face-off in the finals. 3

     Lawrence shocked the tournament fans with a 30-20 win over Newton in the quarter-finals. 4 Newton fans were especially not prepared to deal with a defeat in this round against the Lions. They blamed the rough play of the Emporia team with taking away part of the services of their star player Forrest "Frosty" Cox. His injuries in the final regular season game with Emporia hampered his play at the Hays event. (Newton stated they would no longer schedule Emporia due to the "poor sportsmanship" of the Spartan players. Emporia countered that they were fouled just as roughly and received ill treatment from the Newton crowd.) 5 Lawrence dispelled the idea that they won only because Cox was less than 100% when they defeated Ark Valley champ El Dorado in the semi-finals. 6

     Winfield's road to the finals was helped greatly by the pre-tournament draw. Iola and Parsons were considered weak opponents in this field. The Vikings were average in finishing fifth in the Ark Valley with a conference record of 8-6. Yet, late in the season they seemed to gather steam with wins over Arkansas City and Wichita. Their younger players improved greatly over the season and they continued that trend with the upset win of Arkansas City (again) in the semi-finals. 7 

     Coach Bill Martin advocated a strong defensive play and a very precise offense. Lawrence seemed to be exhausted by their previous big game encounters and reporters noted that their second half play declined rapidly. 8 Captain Milton Whitson guided Winfield through the tournament - especially on the offensive side.  His court leadership sparked the mid-season turn around that resulted in a state championship. 9

     Winfield proceeded on to the national tournament where they inspected a court made of the finest maple and as smooth as any they had ever seen. The court had been reduced to the high school dimensions of 87' x 49'. There were no ceiling obstructions preventing  high arch shots from any area of the court. The goals extended from steel girders with no part of the basket being connected with the floor. 10

      The Winfield boys defeated Aberdeen, SD in the opening round but lost to Vienna, GA in the next game.  11 E.A. Thomas, Kansas Association director, agreed with others in the National Federation who were opposed to these post-season national events. Kansas and most other states would ban participation in the Chicago tournament after the 1928 season. 12

     Washburn University AD George Woodward directed the Class B tournament that was held at Thomas Gym on the college campus. Chautauqua, the southeastern school near the Oklahoma border, won the title over Williamsburg of Franklin County. The Chautauqua boys upset Perry in an early contest and displayed a brilliant offense in the championship game. Clifford Binns, key player for Williamsburg, was unavailable for the final due to a sprained ankle. 13

     The tourney was not a financial success for the second year in a row. Woodward did not name an all-tournament team and no third place game was played. The Topeka Daily Capital cited the draw of the national AAU tournament in Kansas City as a reason for lower attendance than expected. Washburn University made it to the semi-finals and played for third place on the same day as the Class B finals. 14

     Washburn's Thomas Gym drew fire as an inferior venue even for a high school game. The court was too narrow and the rafters were so low they interfered with arched shots. The balcony extended over the corners of the court preventing shots from those spots.  15

1   K.S.T.C. Leader (Hays), March 15, 1927, 1
2   Ibid, March 22, 1927, 1
3   Ellis County News, March 24, 1927, 9
4   Winfield Daily Courier, March 21, 1927, 6
5   Topeka Daily Capital, March 9, 1927, 11
6   Winfield Daily Courier, March 21, 1927, 6
7   Ellis County News, March 24, 1927, 9
8   Ibid
9   Winfield Daily Courier, March 24, 1927, 9
10 Ibid, March 28, 1927, 14
11 Ibid, March 31, 1927, 14B
12 E. A. Thomas, "Among Kansas High Schools with E. A. Thomas", Salina Journal, March 6, 1929
13 Topeka Daily Capital, March 20, 1927, 14B
14 Ibid
15 Ibid, February 28, 1926, 10B


1928 CLASS A State Tournament       March 15-17                               Stewart Field House    Southwestern College         Winfield, KS

^ Includes National Tourney                                                                         Team                            Coach                    League

1st:  Winfield  18  Topeka  14                                                                     1. Winfield  (23-2) ^         Bill Martin         ARK VALLEY
3rd:  KC-Wyandotte  16  Pratt  14                                                             2.  Topeka (18-5)              E. B. Weaver     NEKL
SF:   Topeka  29  Hays Catholic  16                                                          3.   KC-Wyandotte           Percy Parks        NEKL
SF:   Winfield  27  KC-Wyandotte  13                                                       4.   Hays Catholic             Lew Lane           UNION PACIFIC
QF:  Hays Catholic  19  Emporia  16
QF:  Topeka  34  Frontenac  19
QF:  Winfield  26  Lawrence  15
1R:  Frontenac  25  Wichita  24
1R:  Topeka  36  Caney  10
1R:  Hays Catholic  17  Newton  15
1R:  Emporia  22  Dodge City  15
1R:  Winfield  57  Sabetha  10
1R:  Lawrence  25  Salina  16
1R:  Pratt  26  Almena (x)  14
1R:  KC-Wyandotte  34  Parsons  20                                         Officials:  Leslie Edmonds, Dwight Ream, Dale Critser
        Consolation Tournament
1st:  Newton  39  Parsons  7
SF:  Parsons  27  Salina  21 # see notes below
SF:  Newton  20  Wichita  19
QF: Parsons  30  Almena  7
QF: Salina  32  Sabetha  20
QF: Wichita  24  Caney  19
QF: Newton  25  Dodge City  19

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) 

(x) Almena was a Class B school (114 students) that chose to enter a Class A meet that it won and qualified automatically for this tournament.
Invited Teams: Four runner-ups were selected from the 12 district tourneys - TOPEKA, LAWRENCE, WICHITA & PARSONS

# Walter Knight was the starting guard for Salina High School in 1928 and 1929. He appears to be the first African-American to have played in a KSHSAA tournament. The following excerpt comes from the SALINA HIGH NEWS, April 5, 1929. 

"Walt has played basket ball for Salina High two years and twice he has been placed on the CKL (Central Kansas League) All-Star quintet. This year he was awarded one of the highest honors of the league by being appointed captain of this five. Walt is the first colored athlete in the history of the league to attain this distinction. He is exceptionally adept at getting rebounds; he never loses his head in wrath or excitement."

   Walter Knight was interviewed by Salina Journal writer Wayne Laugesen in 1989. He confirmed that he was the first black to compete in inter-scholastic basketball competition with white players. A review at that time by the author suggested he was most likely the first in the state of Kansas and maybe even the United States to break the color line in high school basketball. Walter talked about the support he received from his Coach Ab Hinshaw and local Salina Journal writer Stu Dunbar. His team and  school classmates supported his play in 1927-28 and 1928-29. He was blunt in describing the racial slurs that were hurled at him when playing on the road. "The crowds would call me everything in the book - nigger, coon, you name it, " Knight said.  His teammates verified that he could have easily played in college, but no school was willing to break the unwritten rules in that era. 1  Walter had advice that other schools e.g. Emporia State might have wanted him to play football, but he chose not to pursue that road. He was a carpenter and lived in Los Angeles for most of his working life. 2 He returned to Salina in the 1970s and died there in 2006 at age 98. 
1 Salina Journal, March 19, 1989, Pgs 1 & 9   2 Salina Journal, May 2, 1976, 26

     He was born too early to reach his full potential in athletics - but, besides his pioneer efforts, he was part of a family with many accomplished members. His brother Guy was the father of Bobby Knight who was an All-State football player for Salina High school in 1945 & 1946. Bobby is the father of Danny, Mark & Kelly Knight who played basketball at Kansas University. Another son, James, played for San Diego University. 

KSHSAA All-Kansas Tournament

 1st Team:  Bob Boyd TOPEKA, Ernest Schmidt WINFIELD, Paul Fairbank TOPEKA, Dale Cochran WINFIELD, Elmer Schaake LAWRENCE
2nd Team: Milton Whitson WINFIELD Claunch KC-WYANDOTTE, Howard Sidwell WINFIELD, Dean Officer TOPEKA

1928 CLASS B State Tournament       March 15-17                                Ottawa University Gym                Ottawa, KS

No Consolation Tournament                                                                    Team                            Coach                    League

1st:   Haven  13  Chase  10                                                                    1  Haven (18-3)              Buel Hunter          INDEPENDENT                            
3rd:  Hartford  29  Garrison  26                                                             2  Chase (28-2)              Frank Campbell    RICE COUNTY
SF:   Haven  42  Garrison  20                                                                 3  Hartford (20-2)         Ronald Mayo         INDEPENDENT
SF:   Chase  28  Hartford  25                                                                  4  Garrison (27-2)         ????                        INDEPENDENT
QF:  Haven  40  Spring Township  27
QF:  Garrison  37  Montezuma  13
QF:  Chase  24  Brookville  13
1R:  Haven  29  Lakin  25
1R:  Spring Township  31  Bunker Hill  21
1R:  Garrison  23  Wellsville  16
1R:  Montezuma  24  Ransom  15
1R:  Chase  17  Stilwell  13
1R:  Brookville  23  Narka  8  
1R:  Hartford  38  Altoona  17
1R:  Richmond  16  Cockerill  14
Preliminary:  Garrison  22  Winchester  16
Preliminary:  Wellsville  18  Hope  12                                                             Officials: R. E. Gowans, Leslie Davis

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011) 

Coaches & Officials All-Star Team

1st Team:  Louis Koch  HAVEN, Elvin McCoy HAVEN, George Rummel HARTFORD, Austin Linke CHASE, Jesse Atkinson  HAVEN
2nd Team:  Allen Coffman HARTFORD, Kenneth Foote CHASE, Ralph Watson CHASE, Wallace Haxton, CHASE, Elva Kennedy CHASE

     The KSHSAA made Winfield the site of what had become the traveling Class A tournament. Stewart Gymnasium on the Southwestern College campus was the venue for sixteen teams that traveled through rain and snow to compete for the title. 1 The Wichita team started out their trip in cars, but ended up transferring to a train when the weather led to a collision with another car near the Sumner County line. Coach McAllister of Wichita was unable to make the opening round game with Frontenac due to the injuries he suffered in that crash. 2 The Parsons team had a car that slipped into a ditch. 3 Kansas roads were mostly unpaved and bad weather often caused road closures. Most roads leading to Winfield were closed after the start of the tourney. 4

    For the first time in tournament history, a consolation tourney was held for first round losers. This guaranteed that all sixteen teams would play at least two games at Winfield. 5

    Frontenac was able to spring a surprise on Wichita in the opening round. The Wichita players were a little shook up from the auto accident, but they were still highly favored as one of the top three teams in the Ark Valley. Then Newton followed with a first round loss to Hays Catholic. The Hays Catholics impressed everyone with their clean play and fighting quality. 6 Coach Lindley openly questioned his own basketball judgment to members of the press. He was discouraged by the task of scouting. He watched Pueblo in the 1926 National and was convinced that his second team would have prevailed, but instead "they beat us." 7

    Winfield proved they were the class of the A division with easy victories in the first three games of the tourney. When Topeka tried to slow it down against them in the final, the Vikings matched that style and easily controlled the 18-14 contest. Ernie Schmidt played mostly center for Winfield and was a dominating defensive player when teams attempted a deliberate style of play. 8 Upon graduation in 1929, he attended Kansas State Teachers College-Pittsburg where he was 1st Team All-American for Coach John Lance. He was also named to a few All-American AAU teams. He was inducted into the Naismith Hall of Fame in 1974 as a player. 9

   Five hundred loyal Winfield boosters gathered at the Santa Fe station for a rousing send-off to the boys bound for Chicago where they were scheduled to play the state champions of Michigan.
10 Iron Mountain grabbed an early 14-3 lead at the end of the first quarter. Winfield returned with a stingy defense that only allowed four points the rest of the game. Whitson, Schmidt and Sidwell displayed basket shooting that gave the team a 34-18 victory. 11

   Winfield's next opponent, Tulsa High, OK, found a way to stop the pivot plays of Whitson and Schmidt and Winfield was unable to solve the defensive strategy. The scoring stayed close in the first half, but the Tulsa boys pulled away in the second half for a 26-19 win. Winfield's high hopes were crushed and this was the last time a Kansas team played in a National Tournament. 12

   Ottawa University conducted the Class B tourney. Only winners of the Class B Sectional elimination tournaments were eligible. Eighteen of the eligible twenty-one teams entered the tournament - Jewell, Rexford and Denton declined. No consolation bracket was conducted. 13

   Haven and Chase, regular season rivals, made the finals. Haven, coached by Buel Hunter, collected their 2nd state championship in a very low scoring game. The cautious game was becoming standard - especially when state championships were on the line. 14

1   Southwestern Collegian, March 13, 1928, 1
2   Winfield Daily Courier, March 16, 1928, 1
3   Ibid, March 17, 1928, 8
4   Ibid, March 19, 1928, 8  
5   Southwestern Collegian, March 13, 1928, 1
6   Winfield Daily Courier, March 16, 1928, 2
7   Ibid, March 19, 1928, 8  
8   Ibid
9    http://www.hoophall.com/hall-of-famers/tag/ernest-j-schmidt 
10 Winfield Daily Courier, April 3, 1928, 1
11 Ibid, April 4, 1928, 10
12 Ibid, April 5, 1928, 4
13 Ottawa Herald, March 16, 1928, 1
14 Haven Journal, March 22, 1928, 1


1929 CLASS A State Tournament       March  21-23                                                       Memorial Hall            Salina, KS

                                                                                                                              Team                            Coach                    League

1st:  Winfield  10 Newton  8                                                                        1  Winfield (22-1)            Bill Martin                  ARK VALLEY   
3rd:  Topeka  26  Wellington  20                                                                2   Newton (16-8)            Lindley/Stuart             ARK VALLEY
SF:   Winfield  27  Topeka  22                                                                    3   Topeka (20-4)            E. B. Weaver              NEKL
SF:   Newton  23  Wellington  13                                                                4   Wellington (16-9)       Jack Doty                   ARK VALLEY
QF:  Winfield  49  Salina  8
QF:  Topeka  30  El Dorado  29 **
QF:  Newton  36  Wilson  20
QF:  Wellington  24  KC-Wyandotte  20
1R:  Winfield  35  Parsons  15
1R:  Salina  28  Ottawa  25
1R:  Topeka  44  Abilene  14
1R:  El Dorado  25  Chase County (x)  18 *
1R:  Newton  33  Fredonia  19
1R:  Wilson (x)  16  Emporia  12
1R:  KC-Wyandotte  35  Liberal  10
1R:  Wellington  25  Fort Scott  23                                                     
Officials:  Leslie Edmonds, Dwight Ream, Jack McLean, Ben Wood

Consolation Tournament
1st:   Fort Scott  26  Parsons  20
SF:   Parsons  15  Chase County  13
SF:   Fort Scott  31  Fredonia  21
QF:  Chase County  38  Abilene  23
QF:  Parsons  22  Ottawa  20
QF:  Fredonia  31  Emporia  24
QF:  Fort Scott  23  Liberal  14

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011)  except for
                           Fredonia-Emporia: Salina Journal March 23, 1929, 14

(x) CHASE & WILSON were Class B schools who qualified for and won Sectional Tournaments. There was no Class B Tourney in 1929.

All-Tournament Team

1st Team:  Allen Fink WINFIELD, William Pattison TOPEKA, Ernest Schmidt WINFIELD, Arny Priest NEWTON, Burdett Merryman WELLINGTON
2nd Team: Irwin Deschner NEWTON, Bob Boyd TOPEKA, Allen Burns KC-WYANDOTTE, Dale Cochran WINFIELD, Robert Young TOPEKA

    The Class A tournament was publicized in an unprecedented manner in 1929 by the Salina Journal newspaper. E. A. Thomas noted in his newspaper column that was carried in several Kansas papers. "Stuart Dunbar, sports editor of the paper (Salina Journal), compiled the records and wrote the stories which comprised a great contribution to the tournament."1 Dunbar devoted several pages to pre-tournament coverage. He listed rosters, coaches and game-by-game season records of each team. 2 Dunbar was hoping that Salina would draw record breaking receipts for the tourney. He stated that this would be the biggest athletic event ever held in Salina. 3

   Thomas was an active observer of the competition that took place at Salina's Memorial Hall. In previous years, he split time between the Class A & B tournaments. This year the association decided to consolidate the Class A and Class B state tournament. Class B teams (population 150 and under) competed in elimination tournaments as in the past. Then the top two finishers in these districts qualified for participation in the Class A sectional meetings held the following weekend. Chase County and Wilson qualified for the Salina tournament by winning Class A sectionals. 4 Thomas and the executive committee invited five teams to join the eleven sectional winners. Salina, Ottawa, El Dorado, Fort Scott and Wellington accepted the association's invitation. 5

    Pre-tournament favorites were Winfield and KC-Wyandotte. The brackets were aligned to allow for a final between these two teams. Wellington upset that dream game by eliminating the Bulldogs with excellent long range shooting and skillful ball handling.  Wyandotte was unable to take advantage of their height advantage - Andy Skradski and Allen Burns. Winfield made the finals with only Topeka providing much resistance. 6

    Winfield's 10-8 final victory over Newton brought howls of criticism from fans and writers. Newton had abandoned the zone that Coach Lindley had used to great success in previous years. Still, both teams played a very deliberate offense and each were very familiar with each other from previous league encounters. The game boiled down to a cautious chess match where both teams were waiting for the other to make a mistake. One reporter summed it up this way, "The game was drab, featureless, cold-blooded, for against the slow motion offense which has won three successive titles for the Vikings the Railroaders matched one which was slower still." 7 Many critics favored a rule change that would establish a half-court line that would eliminate retreating to the backcourt to maintain ball possession. The national rules committee resisted and believed that abandoning the zone that Winfield used would eliminate the delay or stall. 8

    Ernie Schmidt completed his final year in high school as the star who was an important part of Winfield's three consecutive championships. He was praised by writers who gathered in Salina and was heavily recruited by the college coaches that visited the tourney. In the 49-8 win over Salina, reports said he "leaped head and shoulders above the Maroons to give a remarkable exhibition of hitting at short range."9 Bill Martin left at the end of the year to become the head coach at Southwestern College. 10

    Stu Dunbar was happy to post the announcement by A. B. Mackie, tourney director, that the receipts broke the $4000 amount for the first time. 11 He had less than favorable comments about KSHSAA head E. A. Thomas. He objected to Thomas demanding a seat in the press area that forced the two available typewriters out of the arena. He accused the executive secretary of cheering for Topeka over other opponents in the event. He complained in general that "the tournament was going to be well managed without Mr. Thomas making a spectacle of himself by fussing about in impersonation of an efficiency expert or an old hen gathering chicks in a rain storm." 12

   Thomas announced several days later that the 1930 tournament would be held at Washburn University's new Whiting Field House in Topeka. Topeka would host the largest class tourney for ten out of the next eleven years. 13

1   E. A. Thomas, "State High School Athletics", Salina Journal, March 25, 1929
2   Salina Journal, March 21, 1929, 16
3   Stu Dunbar, "Sport Chaff", Salina Journal, March 12, 1929
4   E. A. Thomas, "State High School Athletics", Salina Journal, March 18, 1929
5   Topeka Daily Capital, March 19, 1929, 12
6   Leslie Edmonds, "Just as It Seems to Me", Topeka Daily Capital, March 24, 1929
7   Salina Journal, March 26, 1929, 10
8   "Official Basketball Rules", Spalding's Official Collegiate Basketball Guide for 1929-1930 (New York: American Sports, 1929), 33   
9   Salina Journal, March 23, 1929, 14
10 Spalding's Official Collegiate Basketball Guide for 1929-1930 (New York: American Sports, 1929), 179
11 Salina Journal, March 26, 1929, 10
12 Stu Dunbar, "Sport Chaff", Salina Journal, March 26, 1929
13 E. A. Thomas, "State High School Athletics", Salina Journal, March 25, 1929    


 1930 CLASS A State Tournament       March  20-22                                                   Whiting Field House  Washburn University     Topeka, KS

                                                                                                                              Team                            Coach                    League

1st:   KC-Wyandotte  17  Newton  9                                                                   1. KC-Wyandotte (21-5)         Percy Parks          NEKL
3rd:  Topeka  10  Hutchinson  9                                                                          2. Newton  (21-3)                     Lindley/Stuart      ARK VALLEY
SF:   Newton  28  Topeka  13                                                                              3  Topeka  (16-5)                     E. B. Weaver       NEKL
SF:   KC-Wyandotte  23  Hutchinson  14                                                           4  Hutchinson  (20-5)                Edmund Cairns     ARK VALLEY
QF:  Newton  29  Fredonia  19
QF:  Topeka  21  Olathe  10
QF:  KC-Wyandotte  38  Quinter  17
QF:  Hutchinson  18  McPherson  17
1R:  Newton  37  Abilene  17
1R:  Fredonia  39  Lawrence  27
1R:  Topeka  25  Dodge City  10
1R:  Olathe  30  El Dorado  27
1R:  Quinter(x)  21  Pittsburg  20
1R:  KC-Wyandotte  36  Augusta  13
1R:  Hutchinson  26  Ottawa  14
1R:  McPherson  41  Powhattan (x)  15                                                                    Officials: Leslie Edmonds, Dwight Ream, John Bunn

Consolation Bracket

1st:   Pittsburg  30  Lawrence  19
SF:   Pittsburg  23  Ottawa  15
SF:   Lawrence  34  El Dorado  20
QF:  Pittsburg  31  Augusta  18
QF:  Ottawa  27  Powhattan  26
QF:  El Dorado  34  Dodge City  21
QF:  Lawrence  24  Abilene  20 

Score Source: One Hundred Years of Hoops, Carol R Swenson, KSHSAA (2011)  

(x) Class B teams that won Class A Sectionals  -  There was no Class B State Tourney in 1930     Invited Teams: Lawrence, Olathe, Augusta, Ottawa, McPherson 

KSHSAA Honor Roll

 Guards: John Edwards, Harold Miller NEWTON Paul Harrington, Alfred Haus KC-WYANDOTTE Cecil Peterson MC PHERSON 
                Dan Emrich TOPEKA Harry Chabin HUTCHINSON Ray Mueller PITTSBURG  Ross Marshall OLATHE
Forwards:  Naaman Brown, Boyd Tourtillot NEWTON, Robert Tietze, John Horvatin KC-WYANDOTTE Don Gutteridge PITTSBURG Wilkinson QUINTER
                    Andy Magyar HUTCHINSON Roy Vandeventer LAWRENCE 
Centers:  Stanley Michaels KC-WYANDOTTE Dwight Swan TOPEKA Lawrence Allison NEWTON Roger Thatch FREDONIA

           The first Class A tournament in Topeka received a promotion greater than even the 1929 Salina event. Topeka merchants provided tickets for the Coach and varsity players of over 80 teams in the Topeka and surrounding area.  This was in addition to the free tickets provided to the sixteen competing high schools. 1

        For those unable to see the game in person, WIBW radio stepped forward with the first ever radio broadcast of the championship final. Ernie Quigley and John Bunn, future Naismith HOF'ers, were the announcers for this live broadcast. Previous radio reports only relayed information received by telegraph wire. 2

         Ark Valley teams were once again picked as favorites to win it all at the new Washburn University Whiting Field House. Newton was the champion of the league and the sectional tournament held in Salina. 3 Hutchinson, guided by Coach "Chop" Cairns, was another power in the league and the only team able to defeat Newton in the regular season. 4

        The Salt Hawks advanced to the semi-finals over McPherson on the strength of a shot launched by Ed Colson from near the middle of the court with seconds left before the final whistle. Hutchinson won the center jump and dribbled out the remaining time. 5

         In the final, KC-Wyandotte eased by Newton to win their first title since 1923. Coach Percy Parks employed a rigid zone defense that Newton could not crack. Some thought that the rough game played with Topeka wore down the Newton boys. The semi-finals were played Saturday afternoon with the final played in the evening. 6

         KC-Wyandotte's win was a boost for northeast Kansas basketball and brought hope to other teams that the Ark Valley strangle hold on the title was over. 7 The third place game won by Topeka 10-9 over Hutchinson renewed the call for a ten-second back court rule and elimination of the center jump after made field goals .   8

        Attendance for the Topeka tourney, supplemented by local merchant sponsorship, broke records set in Salina. Leslie Edmonds of the Topeka Daily Capital gave credit to E. A. Thomas by writing, "He has a right to take satisfaction from the steady progress of his institution. It's been good to see the finest youth of Kansas at play, to see youngsters whose loyalty is still indivisible, whose illusions are still their own, whose representation on their teams has no savor of commercialism or professionalism." 9

       Dunbar of Salina praised the fine facilities of Washburn and predicted the tourney would stay in Topeka for many years. However, he found fault with the behavior of the crowds. He noted that the crowd for the foul plagued Topeka-Newton semi-final was "for utter viciousness" as bad as he had ever seen. The guilty parties were not connected with the schools, but came from some of the area youth who were given free tickets and joined with some adult locals to back the Topeka team.   10

       B. P. Walker, a Topeka Daily Capital columnist known as the "Village Deacon", summed up the feeling of the hosts on the high school basketball spectacle. "These boys of eighteen have been fighting mighty battles on strange fields for the glory of the old home town - for father and mother, the beloved school and the sweetheart who awaits the conquering hero. To the old home town they return heroes, whether in victory or defeat, for they gave their best. How clean and fair and determined was it all. No thought of sordid monetary gain, no stalling for bigger purses, no short changing the public in any way." 11

1   Topeka Daily Capital, March 18, 1930, 12
2   Leslie Edmonds, "Just as It Seems to Me", Topeka Daily Capital, March 18, 1930
3   Topeka Daily Capital, March 19, 1930, 14
4   High School Buzz (Hutchinson), March 1, 1930, 4
5   Ibid, March 27, 1930, 4
6   Topeka Daily Capital, March 23, 1930, 13B
7   Ibid
8   Leslie Edmonds, "Just as It Seems to Me", Topeka Daily Capital, March 24, 1930
9   Ibid, March 23, 1930
10 Stu Dunbar, "Sport Chaff", Salina Journal, March 24, 1931
11 B. P. Walker, "The Old Home Town and It's Youth", Topeka Daily Capital, March 23, 1930, 13B